Get your flu jab

A nurse with a patient at a surgery

Updated 5th November 2019

It’s time to help protect yourself with a flu jab. Dr George Kassianos, Immunisation Lead for the Royal College of General Practitioners and a GP in Berkshire, tells Sarah Brealey why the jab is so important.

Who should have a flu jab?

The over-65s, anyone with a long-term health condition (such as heart disease, respiratory disease, liver or kidney disease), pregnant women, people with weakened immune systems, those living in long-stay residential homes and carers of elderly people. Some 64-year-olds are also eligible - you are eligible if you will be 65 or over on 31 March 2020. All children who were aged two to ten on 31 August 2019 are also now being offered the flu vaccine using a nasal spray.

Why is it important?

If these people catch flu they are more likely to get a bad case of flu or a serious complication such as a chest infection. The virus can weaken the respiratory system, which the heart relies on, so it’s vital that people with heart disease get the jab. The virus can also attack the heart muscle. If you have already had a heart attack, getting flu puts you at greater risk of having another heart attack. Flu can be mild or severe, and you just don’t know which type you will have. The best way of treating flu is to be vaccinated against it in the first place.

In winter 2018-19, 312 confirmed deaths of people with flu were recorded in England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. The number of deaths thought to be associated with flu is much higher - 1,692 in England alone.

If I get the flu jab, does that mean I won’t get flu?

No vaccine is 100 per cent effective, but people who have had the flu jab are less likely to get flu. If you do get flu despite having the jab, it will probably be milder than if you haven’t been vaccinated. The vaccine doesn’t protect against other illnesses caused by other viruses, such as the common cold.

If you haven’t done so already, contact your GP surgery now

When’s the best time to get the flu jab?

It’s best to get vaccinated in November or earlier if you can, as flu usually becomes more common from December onwards. NHS flu vaccinations are available from community pharmacies as well as your GP.

How do I go about getting it?

Your surgery will be able to tell you. For example, at my surgery we have been running drop-in sessions on four Saturdays, while others will ask you to make an appointment. Don’t wait for your GP to contact you to arrange an appointment – there are so many people who need flu jabs, it’s best to be proactive.

Woman having a vaccinationI had the jab last year, do I need it again?

Yes, because the viruses that cause flu change every year. Each February, the World Health Organization recommends which viruses should be put in the vaccine and then the manufacturers start making it so that it’s ready for around September.

If there’s a nasal spray, can I have that instead?

At the moment, it is only licensed for those aged between two and 17. In the future, it is likely it will be licensed more widely.

Can I get flu from the flu jab?

No. There are no live viruses in the vaccine, so it can’t cause flu.

How much does it cost?

It’s free on the NHS to those who are eligible – we are very lucky. In winter 2019-20, 25 million people in England will be offered it for free by the NHS. If you are not eligible, you can still pay to get it from a supermarket pharmacy or high street pharmacy - it typically costs £7 to £13, depending on where you get it from.

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